5 of the wonders of the world that you can see today

Outside ancient wonders of the world, only one survives today: the Great Pyramid of Giza. Others no longer exist, such as the Temple of Artemis, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.

However, there are magnificent wonders of the world that endure today. Here are five that you can visit and see for yourself.

1. Chichen Itza

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Chichen Itza —one of the largest Mayan cities— is located on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, about 120 miles from Cancun. It encompassed a diverse population and a variety of architectural styles. Experts suggest that Chechnya Itzá was built sometime between 400 and 600 AD. C. And the vibrant city It was an important political, commercial, religious, military and economic center of the Mayan culture. At the time of this civilization, they had a system of paved roads and sidewalks that connected the buildings, something that Europe did not yet have.

At its height, experts suggest as many as 50,000 people lived within the city, inhabiting a space of just under two square miles. One of the most popular attractions are the steps of the pyramid known as “the castle”, which visitors could previously climb. To preserve the steps, they are no longer allowed to do so.

2. Petra

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The prehistoric city of petra It is located in Jordan, between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea. The city is a world-famous archaeological site and is also called the pink city, because of the colored stone from which it is carved. Home of the Arab nomads, known as NabataeansPetra was established in the year 312 AD

Historians still don’t know why the nomads decided to settle in this area, but they do know that the Nabataeans were experts at carving, building, trading, and engineering. The architecture of this ancient city included tombs and temples, cisterns and reservoirs, and public buildings.

The Romans took control of Petra in AD 106 and ruled for more than 250 years. In AD 1363, an earthquake destroyed many of Petra’s buildings and its water supply system. Eventually the Byzantines took over and ruled Petra for another 300 years.

3. The Great Wall of China

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Built to defend against invasions from the north, the The Great Wall of China covers more than 13,000 miles. It took a workforce of soldiers and criminals over 2,000 years to complete, first beginning during the Qin dynasty and then finish under the Ming dynasty.

Experts believe that nearly half a million workers died during construction, and many were buried in the wall. Despite its name, the Great Wall is not a continuous structure. Rather, it is a series of walls, along with barriers, fortresses, beacon towers, and barracks. Building materials included bricks, wood, earth, and stone. The workers used mortar, made from sticky rice mixed with lime, and heated limestone.

4. The Taj Mahal

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Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal to honor his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died while giving birth to their fourteenth child. It took 20,000 artisan workers 22 years to complete the project. They began construction in 1632 and finished in 1648. Workers completed a few other features, including the outer courtyard, guest house, and mosque in 1653.

The white marble of the Taj Mahal seems change colors, depending on the time of day. It starts out as pale pink at sunrise, changes to bright white at noon, and appears as a bronzed orange at sunset.

There is a myth that after completion, Shah Jahan ordered the hands of the workers to be amputated, so that they would not be able to use their skills to build anything to rival the Taj Mahal. But there is no archaeological or literary evidence to support this claim.

5. The Roman Colosseum

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The Roman Colosseum is the largest amphitheater ever built, at 615 feet long and 510 feet wide. It had 80 entries and a total of 230 bows, only 31 of which still survive for this day. Although best known for gladiator fights, it was also the scene of animal hunts and famous battle reenactments, all performed in front of crowds of up to 50,000 spectators.

Other theaters at the time were built into the slopes of hills for structural support, but the Colosseum was built as a free-standing structure. More than 60,000 slaves completed the stone and concrete amphitheater in about eight years, between 72 and 80 AD. C. As the most famous attraction in Italy, more than five million people visit it each year.

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