Ancient coins discovered in Gwynedd and Ynys Môn declared treasure

THREE coin discoveries, dating from Roman to post-medieval times, have been declared treasures by the Acting Chief Coroner of North West Wales.

James Rowlands discovered a group of 19 Roman copper alloy coins (Treasure Box 19.04) while metal detecting in a grass field at Bryngwran, Ynys Môn on 13 January 2019.

Most of the coins were minted between 260 and 274 AD

This was a period when Britain, Gaul, and Spain broke away from the rest of the Roman Empire to form an independent Gallic Empire.

The group of coins contains two unofficial copies, known as barbarian radiations, which were probably made in c. 275-285 AD

They indicate that the coins were probably buried during this time.

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Oriel Môn hopes to acquire the group of coins for his collection, following their independent appraisal by the Treasury Valuation Committee.

Levi Hussey and Chris Jones discovered a medieval coin cluster consisting of 26 silver coins (Treasure Case 20.10) while metal detecting in a field at Ynys Môn in June 2020.

The National Wales: A group of medieval coins comprising 26 silver coins (Treasure Box 20.10).  Photo: Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum of WalesGroup of medieval coins made up of 26 silver coins (Treasure Box 20.10). Photo: Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum of Wales

The find consists of 21 silver pence and five silver halfpennies from Henry III of England (1216-1272) and Alexander III of Scotland (1249-1286).

The coins are types that were minted between 1247 and 1280 AD. but were probably lost as the contents of a purse around 1258-1279 AD. c.

Scottish pennies were made the same size and weight as English pennies and had similar designs.

As a result, they are found throughout Britain, including in hoards.

Ian Jones, Manager of Buildings and Collections at Oriel Môn, said: “Oriel Môn is excited to acquire these historically important finds for the museum’s collection.

“These ancient coins will help us learn more about Anglesey’s past.

“We look forward to developing positive links with prospectors and landowners and look forward to working with them as we develop our plans to display and present these finds.”

Ashley Hill discovered four silver coins of Elizabethan and Stuart dates (Treasure Box 20.14) while metal detecting in a grazing field in Llanbedr, Gwynedd, in October 2020.

The National Wales: Four silver coins of Elizabethan and Stuart dates (Treasure Box 20.14).  Photo: Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum of WalesFour silver coins of Elizabethan and Stuart dates (Treasury Box 20.14). Photo: Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum of Wales

Included in the find are a silver half Groat from Elizabeth I (1558-1603), a silver two shilling and a silver sixpence, all from Charles I (1625-1649).

The coins show a high degree of wear, suggesting that they were in circulation until the mid-to-late 17th century, and were probably lost by this date as the contents of a bag, or perhaps deliberately buried as a small treasure.

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