The US Court of Appeals has upheld the rules set by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for remote identification, which provides in-flight identification of drones.
The ruling was in response to a lawsuit filed by Tyler Brennan, co-founder and CEO of RaceDayQuads, who argued that the remote identification rules violated the Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution by allowing “unrelenting and constant government surveillance.” court order”.
But Justice Cornelia Pillard warned that a growing number of drones pose a threat to national security. “Their ability to pry, spy, crash and drop things poses real risks,” she said. “The free use of drones threatens air traffic, people and things on the ground, and even national security.”
Remote ID is similar to a digital license plate. The FAA says the ability of a drone in flight to provide identification and location information helps the FAA, law enforcement and other federal agencies find the control station when a drone appears to be flying unsafely or where it is not. flying is allowed. . Remote ID also lays the foundation for the security legwork needed for more complex drone operations.
There are three ways drone pilots can meet the ID requirements of the Remote ID rule:
- Operate a standard remote identification drone that transmits identification and location information of the drone and the control station. A standard remote identification drone is one that is produced with built-in remote identification transmission capabilities.
- Operate a drone with a remote identification transmission module providing drone identification, location, and takeoff information. A transmission module is a device that can be connected to a drone or a function (such as a software update) integrated with the drone. Persons operating a drone with a Remote ID Transmission Module must be able to see their drone at all times during flight.
- Operate (without remote identification equipment) in FAA-recognized identification areas (FRIA) sponsored by community organizations or schools. FRIAs are the only places where unmanned aircraft (drones and radio-controlled aircraft) can operate without transmitting elements of remote identification messages.
UAS manufacturers and producers must comply with the final rule’s requirements by September 16, 2022. Commercial and recreational UAS pilots must meet one of three ways to comply with the rule when flying their drone by September 16, 2022. September 2023.
On August 3, Acting FAA Administrator Billy Nolen speak on the safe integration of drones at the White House Summit on Advanced Air Mobility.
“More than 860,000 drones are registered in the United States today. To put this in context, that’s more than three times as many manned aircraft,” Nolen said. “By 2025, we could have a total of more than 2.6 million commercial and recreational drones flying in our airspace, according to FAA forecasts. It is critical that we have a standard set of rules for operations beyond visual line of sight, or BVLOS as we call it, where you no longer have eyes on the drone. This would allow operations for things like routine package deliveries, infrastructure inspections, and agricultural spraying and inspection.”
Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) President and CEO Brian Wynne welcomed the ruling. “Numerous industries rely on drones for their operations, and significant industry growth is expected in the coming years. Consequently, the FAA issued a remote identification rule that appropriately promotes drone integration in a manner that increases safety for all airspace users,” said AUVSI President and CEO. “By harmonizing the needs of commercial and law enforcement stakeholders, the rule supports scalable, safe and sustainable commercial drone operations. The remote identification final rule is absolutely necessary for the continued expansion of drone operations and the fulfillment of Congress’s vision of an integrated airspace that provides significant benefits to the American people. AUVSI commends the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit for upholding the FAA’s remote identification rule.”
Wynne added that AUVSI will continue to advocate for a federal regulatory framework that unlocks scalable, safe and sustainable commercial drone operations that benefit the public and businesses.