In 1692, the first execution resulting from the Salem witch trials in Massachusetts took place when Bridget Bishop was hanged.
In 1907, eleven men in five cars set off from the French embassy in Beijing in a race to Paris. (Prince Scipione Borghese of Italy was the first to arrive in the French capital two months later.)
In 1935, Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio, by Dr. Robert Holbrook Smith and William Griffith Wilson.
In 1963, President John F. Kennedy signed into law the Equal Pay Act of 1963, intended to eliminate pay disparities based on gender.
In 1967, six days of war in the Middle East involving Israel, Syria, Egypt, Jordan, and Iraq ended when Israel and Syria agreed to a United Nations-brokered ceasefire.
In 1971, President Richard M. Nixon lifted a two-decade trade embargo on China.
In 1977, James Earl Ray, the convicted murderer of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., escaped from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Tennessee with six others; he was recaptured on June 13.
In 1978, Affirmed, ridden by Steve Cauthen, won the 110th Belmont Stakes to claim horse racing’s 11th Triple Crown.
In 1991, Phillip and Nancy Garrido kidnapped 11-year-old Jaycee Dugard from South Lake Tahoe, California; Jaycee was held by the couple for 18 years before authorities found her.
In 2009, James von Brunn, an 88-year-old white supremacist, opened fire at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC, killing security guard Stephen T. Johns. (Von Brunn died in a North Carolina hospital in January 2010 while awaiting trial.) Donald Trump has fired Miss California USA Carrie Prejean, who sparked controversy when she said gays shouldn’t be allowed to marry.
In 2012, parts of northern Colorado and southern New Mexico battled wildfires that were spreading rapidly through mountainous forests, forcing hundreds of evacuations. Shanshan Feng won the LPGA Championship to become the first Chinese player to win both an LPGA Tour title and a major event, closing with a five-under-par 67 for a two-shot victory at Locust Hill Country Club in Pittsford, New York. The bittersweet “Once” won eight Tony Awards, including best musical; “Clybourne Park” won for best play.
In 2013, jury selection began in Sanford, Florida, in the trial of neighborhood watch volunteer George Zimmerman, charged with second-degree murder in the fatal shooting of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin. (Zimmerman was acquitted.)
In 2016, Muhammad Ali was laid to rest in his hometown of Louisville, Ky., after an all-day goodbye. “Mr. Hockey” Gordie Howe, who set scoring records that stood for decades, has died in Sylvania, Ohio, at age 88.
In 2017, British Prime Minister Theresa May reached an agreement in principle with the Northern Ireland Democratic Unionist Party to prop up the Conservative government, which had been stripped of its majority in a disastrous election. Unseeded Jelena Ostapenko of Latvia stunned No. 3 Simona Halep 4-6, 6-4, 6-3 in the French Open final for her first career title.
In 2020, protesters toppled a century-old statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Richmond, the former capital of the Confederacy. NASCAR announced that it would ban the Confederate flag from all of its races and venues; the flag had been a common sight at those events for more than 70 years.
Last year, Republican lawmakers voted with the Democratic majority in the Oregon House of Representatives to expel a Republican member, Mike Nearman, who had allowed violent far-right protesters into the state Capitol in December 2020. The wife of the Mexican drug lord Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman has pleaded guilty in Washington to charges of helping his husband run his multimillion-dollar criminal empire. (Emma Coronel Aispuro would be sentenced to three years in prison).