Today in History: Today is Friday, August 5, day 217, 2022.

by the associated press

Today’s Highlights in History:

On August 5, 1981, the federal government began laying off air traffic controllers who had gone on strike.

In this day:

In 1864, during the Civil War, Union Admiral David G. Farragut led his fleet to victory at the Battle of Mobile Bay, Alabama.

In 1884, the foundation stone for the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor.

In 1914, what is believed to be the first electric traffic light system was installed in Cleveland, Ohio at the intersection of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue.

In 1936, Jesse Owens of the United States won the 200-meter dash at the Berlin Olympics, collecting the third of his four gold medals.

In 1953, Operation Great Exchange began when the remaining prisoners taken during the Korean War were exchanged at Panmunjom.

In 1957, the teen dance show “American Bandstand,” hosted by Dick Clark, made its debut on ABC-TV.

In 1962, South African anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela was arrested on charges of leaving the country without a passport and inciting workers to strike; it was the beginning of 27 years in prison. Movie star Marilyn Monroe, 36, was found dead at her Los Angeles home; her death was ruled a probable suicide from “acute barbiturate intoxication.”

In 1964, US Navy pilot Everett Alvarez Jr. became the first American pilot to be shot down and captured by North Vietnam; he was imprisoned until February 1973.

In 1974, the White House released transcripts of requested tape recordings showing that President Richard Nixon and his chief of staff, H.R. Haldeman, had discussed a plan in June 1972 to use the CIA to thwart the FBI’s Watergate investigation; The revelation of the tape prompted Nixon’s resignation.

In 1983, the movie “Risky Business” was released in theaters.

In 2010, the Senate confirmed Elena Kagan, 63-37, as the Supreme Court’s 112th female justice and the fourth woman in its history. Thirty-three workers were trapped in a copper mine in northern Chile after a tunnel collapsed (all were rescued after being buried for 69 days).

In 2011, the sun-powered robotic explorer Juno took to Jupiter on a five-year quest to discover the secret recipe for making planets. (Juno reached Jupiter on July 4, 2016.)

In 2020, authorities said protesters in Portland, Oregon barricaded about 20 police officers inside a compound and tried to set it on fire; Police used tear gas against the crowd for the first time since US agents sent by President Donald Trump left the city the previous week. A Minneapolis city commission blocked a vote in November on a proposal to dismantle the city’s police department in the wake of the death of George Floyd.

Ten years ago: A gunman opened fire and killed six people at a Sikh temple near Milwaukee before killing himself during an exchange of gunfire with one of the first responders. The robotic Curiosity rover blazed through the pink skies of Mars, heading for a soft landing inside a giant crater. Jamaica’s Usain Bolt pulled away from the pack and crossed the finish line to claim back-to-back gold medals in the track and field event at the Summer Games in London. Britain’s Andy Murray defeated Roger Federer 6-2, 6-1, 6-4 in the men’s singles tennis final. Serena and Venus Williams won the women’s doubles title.

Five years ago: The UN Security Council unanimously approved tough new sanctions against North Korea for its growing nuclear and missile programs. Eight-time Olympic gold medalist Usain Bolt finished third in the 100-meter dash at the world championships in athletics in London, marking his farewell to the sport; the winner was the American Justin Gatlin.

One year ago: Richard Trumka, who rose from the Pennsylvania coal mines to chair one of the world’s largest labor organizations, the AFL-CIO, died at 72. A Texas appeals court has upheld the murder conviction of Amber Guyger, a former Dallas police officer who was sentenced to prison for fatally shooting her neighbor in her home.

Today’s Birthday: College Football Hall of Famer and former NFL player Roman Gabriel is 82 years old. Country music composer Bobby Braddock is 82 years old. Actress Loni Anderson is 77. Actress Erika Slezak is 76. Rock singer Rick Derringer is 75. Actress Holly Palance is 72. Pop singer Samantha Sang is 71. Rock musician Eddie Ojeda (Twisted Sister) is 67. Actress and singer Maureen McCormick is 66. Rock musician Pat Smear is 63. Author David Baldacci is 62. Actress Janet McTeer is 61. Country musician Mark O ‘Connor is 61 years old. Basketball Hall of Famer Patrick Ewing is 60. Actor Mark Strong is 59. Director-screenwriter James Gunn is 56. Actor Jonathan Silverman is 56.

Country singer Terri Clark is 54 years old. Actress Stephanie Szostak is 51 years old. Retired MLB All-Star John Olerud is 54. Rock musician Eicca Toppinen (EYE’-kah TAH’-pihn-nehn) (Apocalyptica) is 47. Actor Jesse Williams is 42. Actor Brendon Ryan Barrett is 36. Actress Meegan Warner (TV: “TURN: Washington’s Spies”) is 31 years old. Actress and singer Olivia Holt is 25. Actor Albert Tsai is 18. Actor Devin Trey Campbell is 14.

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